He US Senate voted Monday 86-11 to open the debate on a measure that authorizes more than $ 110 billion for basic and advanced technology research for five years in the face of growing competitive pressure from China.
The Endless Borders Act would authorize most of the money, $ 100 billion, to be invested in basic and advanced research, commercialization of research, and education and training programs in key technology areas such as artificial intelligence (AI). .
Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer said the Senate will debate the bill a week or two from Tuesday.
“We can have a world where Chinese Communist Party determines the rules of the road for 5G, AI, and quantum computing, or we can make sure the United States gets there first, “said Schumer, who calls it a” one-generation “investment in northern science. -American and American technology. “
The bill being considered includes a $ 2 billion increase semiconductor production and research for the automotive and defense sector, but a group of senators are also working on a measure to include $ 52 billion for tokens, according to the proposal summary.
Despite discussions over the weekend, no final agreement has been reached on the funding chip provisions that were authorized in a defense bill passed in January.
Other China-related bills are likely to be included in a final package.
Schumer said the bill “will strengthen the weaknesses of our economy such as semiconductors.”
He White house said Monday it supports the Endless Frontier bill that “would authorize historic investments in scientific research and critical engineering, from artificial intelligence to advanced energy … It would strengthen scientific research and marketing activities of technology in academic institutions across the country “.
Republican Sen. Steve Daines said he will introduce an amendment this week to include the production of critical minerals as part of a new program to help the United States remain globally competitive.