The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) should make it easier for international employers who want to work in the U.S. updating immigration rules, a new Brookings Institution report suggests. In this report, several lawyers and social scientists with experience in immigration and entrepreneurship urge DHS to follow up on a 2014 note to welcome more “highly skilled businesses and workers” in a post-pandemic to the U.S.
“Looking back at the 2014 DHS note, a lot has been achieved with this clear and incisive directive. We encourage DHS to issue a follow-up note that extends these above ideas and adds specific guidelines and policies to support international entrepreneurs. The U.S. immigration system is a game of categories and many of the categories were created at a time when most students were in full-time class and most workers were 9 to 5 employees. ” they wrote.
Among the recommendations, it ensures that all green cards are used each year, allowing job portability for people on employment-based visa tasks and expanding the list of eligible academic fields for hands-on training. optional additional for STEM graduates. The document also suggests regulatory changes for the 180-day automatic extension while work visas are pending approval.
As explained, “DHS should address delays in OPT processing by granting conditional approval of employment authorization documents pending more than 90 days, allowing students to begin work after receiving the receipt of the OPT I-765 application or, at the very least, allow students to apply for the OPT six months earlier than instead of five. “
Attract a million entrepreneurs to work in the US
In addition, Brookings Institution suggests properly developing the program proposed by the International Standard for Business Speech (IER), which President Biden revived in early May 2021. The IER offers a compelling immigration route for entrepreneurs without the need for no action in Congress and could create approximately one million U.S. jobs for more than ten years, “the report said. In line with that goal, there are several considerations to be made to attract international employers to work in the U.S.
On the one hand, Brookings wants DHS to clarify that graduates in STEM OPT extensions can design their own employment if it involves valid training and salaries. The authors of the report should allow employers this extension. “According to our experience as immigration lawyers / professionals, international college and university advisers are hesitant to recommend STEM OPT for employers even though some employers receive adequate funding through accelerators or university-based incubator programs for provide mandatory legal tutoring training to qualify for STEM OPT, ”they stated.
In addition, the authors suggest clarifying the use of practical curricular training (CPT); although most business schools do not offer these internships, it has the potential to grow entrepreneurial activities and training. Thus, while some schools allow for wider use of CPT for entrepreneurial activities, others remain restrictive in its application. Brookings believes this is because “the language of regulation is not explicit in allowing entrepreneurial activities, leaving it basically to schools to interpret.”
“Internships or work experience required for any course to obtain credit or for any academic program and a prerequisite for completing all degree requirements should be approved as a CPT,” the report said. The authors also suggested the exemption from work authorization for unpaid voluntary experiences. Successfully implementing these measures for international entrepreneurs can be incredibly beneficial to the country’s economic growth in the coming years.